Спільнобачення | Context category


MO0x2gFnUNE.433Russian propaganda stubbornly overuses the thesis about “double standards”: how come your Maidan can, and our eastern Ukraine can’t? That’s why I made a table with detailed answer to this question, which shows the principal difference between these two situations. Obviously, the picture is generalizes and therefore it is a simplified; one can always find some contradictive example, like “and on N minute of this video a Maidan participant was swearing, when the sniper was shooting at him” or “and over there people with “St. George” ribbons helped a Maidan activist beaten up by their fellows to stand up”. But these specific cases don’t change the general situation. I use the term “insurgents” as a more neutral one and far more accurate than “separatists”, since separatists are those who want to create their own country, but not join another one. So, let’s compare:



Pro-Russian insurgents
Aims Liberation of their country from corrupt dictatorship regime; integration with democratic countries of Europe while preserving the independence of the state


Full or partial occupation of their country by foreign corrupt dictatorship regime; capture by anti-democratic country and losing the independence of the state
Methods First couple of months – entirely non-violent, despite constant violence, including tortures and murders, from the government (official law enforcement units and “titushki”). Only after this, as a response to next disruption of agreements and violence against the protesters – going on to the use of force. At the same time, the protesters’ main weapon were sticks and “Molotov cocktails”; fire arms was practically not used. In general correct treatment towards the captured.


Violent from the start; seizing administrative building, law enforcement departments, military units by people armed with military weapon (machine guns, grenade guns), seizing of fire arms and handing it out to their supporters. Murders, tortures, cruel beating up of the unarmed opponents, capturing the hostages, using women and children as “live shields”,  abusing the captures.
Support from foreign allies Verbal support, on late stages – economical sanction. All of it is done openly. Major violent support. Military occupation and annexion of Crimea with the help of present and transferred there foreign army, capture of building and units by foreign paratroopers and special forces units using the same scheme outside of Crimea as well, sending spies and saboteurs, concentration of army forces next to the border. All this is done with hypocritic denial of the fact that the gunmen belong to the army and special forces of the country, which sends them.


National ideology Unity of Ukrainian nation, all ethnicities and regions of Ukraine, absence of ethnical hatred and discrimination. Division of the nation and the state, hatred towards everything Ukrainian, European, American. Russian fascism. Antisemitism.


Language issue One state language – Ukrainian, but nobody stops anyone from talking Russian; the Russian language can often be heard from the stage in Maidan, there is not a single case of insult or violence toward the person because he speaks Russian.


Hatred and contempt to the Ukrainian language, denying it being a real language, unwillingness to hear or know any language besides Russian.
Organization Self-organization; official politicians rather interfered than helped; there is no proof of mass payments for protest Protests are inspired by a foreign country; ordinary protesters play the role of puppets, crowd scenes and “live shields” next to coordinators and gunmen sent from abroad. There are many cases of payments for protests (although there are participants who came there for their ideas)


Support of the people, according to surveys More than 50% in the country on the whole 12% in the country on the whole, maximum support – 30% in Donetsk region and 41% in Crimea (survey held before the occupation)


Intellectual, cultural and creative level High on the whole; there was a library in Maidan, art exhibitions, a series of lectures, comedy plays, musical and poetic performances etc. High creativity, a great number of witty posters and slogans, creativity in combat conditions (catapult, fire barricade etc).


Low on the whole; zero level of creativity, absence of their own ideas; the barricades are a plagiarism of Maidan. A great number of participants with criminal past.
Atmosphere On the whole polite and positive, often towards the opponents as well. On the whole spiteful and aggressive, constant swearing, threats, physical aggression.


Behavior in occupied buildings


Keeping order, the wish to minimize possible damages Vandalism and looting, piles of trash.
Alcohol Prohibited. Actively used; there are cases of using drugs as well.


Propaganda Mainly true information, not taking into consideration unavoidable in revolutionary situation unverified rumors.


Utter lies, which are generated by the full scale of propaganda machine of the foreign state.
Attitude toward the Soviet union  Negative Positive


Make your own conclusions.

Original article is here

Translated by Olha Yankova

Despite the negotiations with the opposition, the regime continues harsh terror against the protesters.


One of those beaten and tortured in militia.

Yanukovych is afraid. He is scared not so much of protesters in Kyiv Maidan and definitely not of restrained reprobation from abroad. The president got scared of unexpectedly rebelling provinces – not only in the West and in the Center of the country, but even in the Southeast. That was this flash of people’s rage that forced him to negotiations instead of introducing the state of emergency. These days Viktor Fedorovych (Yanukovych) must have realized for the first time that he is not in control of the bigger part of the country, even his own party started slipping out of his hands, since even they refused to support an obviously violent scenario. Supposedly, Maidan and the government are in the state of truce at the moment, but it doesn’t stop the law enforcement authorities with already traditional help from “titushki”, “tamed” judges or prosecutors and the groups already called by the journalists “death squadrons” from continuing to cruelly prosecute, beat up, mime and throw the activists to prisons all over the country.  Keeping to the rules of law are not even worth mentioning: the regime without any doubt tries on one hand to take as many hostages as possible for bargaining with the opposition, and on the other hand to intimidate all active people in the country. It goes as far as houses and apartments’ searches without court orders based on contrived excuses like “pictures with weapon on Facebook”, the way it happened with our colleague Oleksandr Mykhelson, who was “visited” by three strangers calling themselves “policemen”.

Recent news from Ukraine arise cognitive dissonance and the feeling of time wasted. You were saying it’s 2014 out there? No, it reminds more of 1937 with its mass repressions, total despotism of law enforcement authorities, abductions of people in the middle of the night, arrests on charges of attempts to commit a crime, absurd court decisions written in the same script, encouraging of telling on each other, just like it was recorded let’s say in Zhaporizhia. And it all happens on the background of negotiations of government with the opposition in respectable offices, calming and vulgarly peaceful statements from Bankova street speakers (Administration of the President) and pacifistic smiles in the conversations with western politicians.

The attempts to seize Regional State Administrations in Zhaporizhia, Cherkasy, Sumy and demonstrations in Dnipropetrovsk ended in mass terror of the authorities. “Terror” is the only possible word to use, “since there is no other one to describe the acts of “packing up” everyone on their way, brutal beating up of people by special forces unit Berkut, giving everyone identical sentences: two-months arrest with the perspective to get 15 years of imprisonment. Neither Ukraine, even more the citizens of these regions had ever seen anything like that.

Extremely cynical we can call the “taming” of Zhaporizhia and Dnipropetrovsk, where the authorities, not trying to hide it, dispersed people with the help of armed “titushki”, who ran out of State Administration buildings together with the police, hunted down the protesters, beat them up and gave them to the people in uniform for further tortures. Cherkasy also can compete with these two cities for the first prize in cruelty; the government did not only organize dispersal of the city center similar to those in Eastern metropolises, but also set up provocation for Audomaidan, whose members came to Cherkasy to help.

As soon as the cars from Kyiv came to the city around 1 am on January 26, the provocateurs unexpectedly threw “Molotov cocktails” at the Regional State Administration while at least a squadron of Berkut appeared from around the corner, trashed the cars and brutally beat those, who didn’t have time to escape. They beat everyone: journalists and simple people too. But it wasn’t over yet; the following days there was a great number of arrests and detentions in every city, in particular, in Kirovograd, where there wasn’t even a hint on seizing Regional State Administration, and in Kherson. At this moment the courts are cloning the sentences, there are rumors about people beaten near death and hidden by authorities at the hospitals. At the moment there are more that 100 imprisoned in these three cities.

In Sumy the authorities also acted treacherously, but a bit less cruelly: they promised the protester that there would be no violence against the people who left a little picket in a seized building of Regional State Administration. Later, in the dark of the night, the authorities attacked like bandits and arrested everyone they met on their way. At the same time the authorities continue to put pressure on the heads of three oppositional parties in all the southeastern regions: they are arrested on any pretense and “locked-up” for two months. A program when district inspectors ask people whether their neighbors take part in Maidan events is implemented, just like in 1937. The final accord of this process was the adoption of law “forced through” by Yanukovych, which literally makes everyone in the hands of authorities the hostages, who will be released only if the opposition agrees to free all the captures institutional buildings. At the same time the laws that cancel “dictatorship package” of January 16 are still not signed by the President, moreover not even passed from the Parliament to the President for his signature.

A lot of people are trying to answer one question: which strategy did Yanukovych choose to survive, if it’s not the obvious forceful dispersal of Maidan? The person who holds the highest position in the government acts as a person with a criminal past, using a strategy well known to representatives of Donets gangs in 1990s during the racketeering of the businessmen, when the gangs aimed to “protect” any business that was bringing profit. What does it imply? Everything is very simple: the methods of alternation of good old carrots and sticks, but with a little interpretation: every following stick should be harsher, and each following carrot – much smaller.

Experienced representatives of organized crimes department told the author of these lines how the scheme works. First the businessman is brutally beaten up next to his house without any warning. The negotiators come the following day and apologize, saying they “made a little mistake” and offer to solve the problem “in an honest way”: the businessman gives up half of his shares and everything’s ok. If he doesn’t agree, they burn his car and offer to leave him 30% of shares. This goes on until the moment “moron” agrees to one of the carrots, being under constant stress from harsh and violent sticks. The “carrot” turns out not to be one, but after all the tortures “the patient one” goes through, he starts believing it is a compromise and even a real bargain.

That’s the way Yanukovych tries to act towards Maidan: first creating maximum level of problems, and then, with a huge delay, agreeing to minimum concessions, which are represented as a proof of “great peacefulness” of the country leader in the eyes of the West and his core electorate. At the same time, a great pressure is put on all activists, which, according to ideas of Bankova street (Administration of the President), has to discourage everyone from protests and undermine the human mobilization resources of Maidan.

It should be clearly stated: there is no a single concession from Yanukovych, but just numerous attempts to double-cross everyone/lead everyone by the nose. This strategy may lead to a new, even bigger outburst of violence, than the one in Hrushevskyi street in January. But this one will be a nation-wide outburst without any possibility of peaceful solution.


The original: Силують. Режим продовжує терор проти активістів


Shields of protestors adjacent to the Dynamo stadium entrance colonnade

Five people were killed in clashes that last in Hrushevskyi street in Kyiv since 19 January.


Oleg Musiy, the coordinator of National Resistance Headquarters Medical Center informed Hromadske Radio about it.


“There are five people killed at the moment. There are around 300 injured since 0:00 today,” he says.


Four of these people had distinctive gunshot wounds into the chest, neck and head, states Musiy.


According to his words, two of them were dying, but the doctors couldn’t save them, since Berkut started their attack.


The injured are being treated in Trade Union House right now, since Berkut blew up the field hospital in Grushevskyi street, the doors and windows are broken there, says Musiy.


“There were three attacks and cases of shooting the doctors yesterday, our doctors were injured too,” says the volunteer.


According to him, yesterday on 21 January, while the volunteer with Red Cross on his clothes was trying to help the injured, he was shot three times into the back.


Also Musiy informs that Berkut started using a new type of gas that causes more serious poisoning.


It’s been informed previously, that during the clashes in Grushevskyi street two men fell off Dynamo stadium colonnade, one of them died in the hospital. Attorney General’s Office of Ukraine confirms the death of two men from gunshot wounds.


Also, there is information about two bodies with the signs of tortures found in Boryspil area, the place where kidnapped Igor Lutsenko was taken the day before.


VR_voting_2014011_02Summary of Ukrainian yesterday’s “Legislative Package Improvements”

Starting yesterday’s afternoon, domestic Internet and social networks are bursting with outrage and discussions about the package of draft laws that were adopted during the morning session of the Verkhovna Rada, according to which any Ukrainian citizen (both civic activists or just common, passive people) could be locked up in jail.

Among others, the list of consequences of 16th January legislative “express improvements”, as summarized, simplified, and utmost adapted to an ordinary citizen legal literacy level, looks as follows:

  1. Driving in an organized column of more than 5 vehicles – confiscation of the vehicle and suspension of driver’s license for 2 years.
  2. Running an information agency without the state registration – confiscation of all the equipment and work products, as well as a hefty fine.
  3. Violating peaceful public gatherings procedure– imprisonment of up to ten days.
  4. Participating in peaceful public gathering, wearing a construction helmet or a uniform, or carrying fires – imprisonment up to ten days.
  5. Setting up tents, a stage, or even a sound system (!) without the permission (!) of the police (!) – imprisonment of up to 15 days.
  6. Contempt of court – imprisonment of up to 15 days.
  7. Failure to comply with orders to restrict access to the Internet – a fine of UAH 6,800 (about $850).
  8. Failure to comply with “lawful orders” of the State Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) – a fine of over UAH 2,000 (about UAH 250).
  9. Official report on commission of administrative violation no longer needs to be served on the person suspected in the offense – testimonies of so-called “witnesses” will suffice.
  10. A person’s signature is no longer recognized as sole confirmation of successful service of court summons – “any other data” (!) will do.
  11. Blocking the access to someone’s residence (an entirely new criminal provision) – imprisonment of up six years.
  12. Slander (reinstated in the Criminal Code!!!) – two years or prison.
  13. Dissemination of extremist materials (!!!!) – three years of prison.
  14. ”Group disturbance of public order” – two years of prison.
  15. MASS RIOTS – imprisonment of 10 and even 15 YEARS (!): any Maidan participant could be locked up under this provision, not to even mention the other provisions (!).
  16. Collecting the information on ‘Berkut’ special police unit officers, judges, and other similar characters – imprisonment of THREE YEARS.
  17. Threatening a police officer or other similar characters – imprisonment of SEVEN YEARS.
  18. Collecting the information on judges – imprisonment of TWO YEARS.
  19. NGOs (non-governmental organizations) that receive funding from abroad are now considered “foreign agents”, who must pay taxes on their “revenues” and officially designate themselves as “foreign agents”.
  20. NGOs may not engage in extremist activity.
  21. Churches may not engage in extremist activity.
  22. The government may pass a decision to BAN ACCESS TO THE INTERNET.
  23. A civic association is considered to be taking part in political activities, if it strives to influence the government’s decisions. In such cases, it must request from the government advance permission for its activities and funding.
  24. Anyone can be convicted and sentenced (including to imprisonment for many years) IN ABSENTIA – i.e., without being present in court.
  25. From now on, the owner of a vehicle, rather than the driver, can be held responsible for traffic offenses, as long as the violation was recorded by automatic means.
  26. A people’s deputy (i.e., member of parliament) can be stripped of immunity, and prosecution may receive consent to a deputy’s arrest, without having the issue first considered by the parliament’s designated committee – i.e., directly in the course of a parliamentary session.
  27. ‘Berkut’ police special unit officers and other officials who committed crimes against Maidan activists are relieved from responsibility for their crimes.


This list is not complete, but even this is sufficient to realize that, should this legislative package take effect, a North Korean-style dictatorship will be established in Ukraine. Against this background, regimes in Russia and Belarus will appear mildly authoritarian (or, even outright, semi-democratic).

Of course, it is unquestionable that these draft laws were adopted with a number of procedural rules violations, in particular:

a)      They did not pass a hearing and were not reviewed by the Verkhovna Rada’s committees (which serves the purpose of preliminary “sieving” their provisions in light of their conformity with legislation, realistic nature, etc.);

b)      They did not pass a scientific expert proofing (which, by its nature, takes several weeks) – the expert statements are missing;

c)       They narrow down significantly both the citizens’ constitutional rights and the human rights set forth by international norms and treaties, ratified by Ukraine;

d)      Putting it mildly, there are doubts as to the presence of a sufficient number of votes and the quorum.

They were drafted only a few days ago, whereas the (naturally) minimal length of time needed to pass all the necessary procedures would take about two weeks. All of this gives sufficient grounds to appeal the coming into force of these laws in a specified manner; however, absent the appeal, they would nevertheless come into force and will be applied – at least, until the appeal is successful.

The drafter of this hastily ‘cooked up’ package is Andrii Portnov: an odious, super-smart, super-literate lawyer, a former parliament member from Yulia Tymoshenko block who has defected to Yanukovych shortly after the latter’s victory in the 2010 presidential election.

Apparently, pro-governmental forces decided to go for broke, threatening to tighten all the possible and impossible screws. This should both serve as the evidence of their hysterical desperation and ultimately dispel any doubts as to their ability to act exclusively within the brutal force paradigm.

Conspicuously, the parliamentary opposition did not particularly try to prevent or interfere with the passage of these draft laws in any physical or another manner. Instead, their faction leaders just stood and laughed at this, without exaggeration, desperate step that pro-government forces dared to undertake. This gives rise to an assumption that the united opposition either has its own plan to counter these steps or, possibly, has managed to outplay pro-government forces after all, and now watches, with satisfaction, as the authorities are irrevocably limiting their room for maneuver and pushing themselves into a blind corner.

It should be pointed out that the laws have not yet taken effect, which will not happen until the President (Yanukovych) signs them. It should also be noted that the physical implementation of these laws – in light of the fact that Maidan really did result in mass shifts in conscience, as well as the limited nature of coercive resources loyal to authorities – is doubtfully realistic. The question is: what are these laws? A desperate analogy of the GKChP [note: State Committee on the State of Emergency, a coup that ended the Soviet Union] by Ukrainian authorities? A bluff or a cunning, in order to try to trade something out (from the official opposition, presumably) by vetoing them? Or something else, which we are not privy to?


Berkut is welcomed to hell

  1. The government is obviously spending huge sums of money to pay for pro-government demonstration. Those interviewed by the journalists at anti-Maidan demonstration admit that they protest for money.


  1. The government is showing a poker face and is ready to sign the EU association agreement (well, if you want it that bad), completely ignoring the fact that prefix “Euro-“ is just a part of the name (similarly to Taxation, Language and other maidans – meaning protests) while the main demands of Maidan is:


a)     tactical – resignation of a current government and the impeachment of the President

b)     strategic  – a complete quality replacement of the current political system because of its disability

2. Ministry of Internal affairs makes a disturbing statement about another possibility of attack on EuroMaidan. Most likely they are trying to scare the protesters.

3. Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that the government is particularly unwilling to involve external mediators into conflict-solving; they are trying to “deal with it by themselves” instead – http://www.pravda.com.ua/news/2013/12/12/7006587/

4. Additional conclusion about the government’s plans can be made based on the statement of Kolesnichenko (a politician, who can be singled out due to his anti-Ukrainian and pro-Russian eloquence) about “self-defense units” that consist of people from the Crimea, Donbas and other regions from the South and the East of the country, which, according to him, could confront EuroMaidan. This makes it clear that the government is trying to compensate the lack of public support by instigating some regions/people against the others, in such a way creating an “internal enemy”,

5. The government also has no problem with using the following measures:

Kseniya Aloeva:  “I think homeless were brought to the underground under Maidan. First of all, there’s way to many of them over there. Second, when I asked the policeman why there were so many of them, I got the following answer: people came to Maidan but they have nowhere to live. After this I explained to him life was about and that it was not nice to lie. He responded in a very aggressive way that they were not braking any laws and as a matter of fact it used to be like that all the time, I just hadn’t noticed it before.

Therefore, the government creates:

1 – hotbed of  infections.

2 – a “right” picture for certain channels.

3 – the reason to push away   to distract average citizens, who would feel disgusted to walk over there. You see how many solutions  problems the homeless give at once”.

56 min ago via mobile. The author of this digest has noticed these facts while visiting Maidan.  and shares the opinion.


A number of analytics and observers, using the abovementioned statements and notifications, made a conclusion that authorities are trying to play “civil war” scenario, and intend to do it as soon as possible, probably – this weekend. The idea is to discredit EuroMaidan protesters by “putting blood on their hands”, most likely by means of killing and injuring “volunteers” from the South and the East. Although there are no real volunteers who’d agree to go to Kyiv, just a group of poor miners who are brought against their will. The government uses dresses-up bandits, security forces, and likely, Russian Special Forces units. The government obviously wants to instigate a mythical so-called “rivalry between East and West” of the country and as an excuse to enforce state of Emergency. These actions are apparently the final attempts of the government to neutralize the effect of EuroMaidan in some way.